Those numbers would be approximately 4. This happens because when you go through a lot of pain — especially, if not almost entirely, which is inflicted by others — you realize that when you are self-sufficient, you cannot be controlled. While there are nuanced reasons why film photography remains popular with some niche users, the consumer market largely shifted to using digital. Earnings Through Cost Effectiveness Mature firms are usually larger companies and thus have a substantial operation in place, including manufacturing facilities and distribution channels that might include trucking and warehousing. However, the accumulated cash is also used to pay dividends , which are cash rewards given to shareholders.
Mature firms typically face steady competition and exhibit slow and steady growth. For example, the film photography was a mature and stable industry given there were few true alternatives to the medium until digital photography reached a stage of development that could consistently reproduce, at a comparable cost, the clarity of film photos. While earnings may be stable, growth prospects are few and far between as the remaining companies consolidate market share and create barriers for new competitors to enter the sphere. Nanotechnology , actual industrial applications limited so far.